Biometric Technology: A Brief History

When detecting criminals back in the 1800s, the method to classify their identity was through their body measurement. Alphonse Bertillon created a unique technique to identify an individual’s identity. There was no advanced technology applied on the said method, and it was then the most systematic way to authenticate people’s identity. 

In the same year, the method has advanced and gave birth to fingerprinting. It is not only a technique to identify culprits but also used for signing in contracts. With Edward Henry’s development of this concept, he got the credit to develop the Henry Classification System – the first system that authenticates identities through fingerprints. 

Later on, the concept of biometric technology rapidly grew that it developed the idea of facial recognition in the 1960s. Since law enforcement widely used this automated process and developed sophisticated sensors for data extraction and biometric capture, the Federal Bureau of Investigation funded this technology. Facial recognition analyzes facial features and identifies usable points, which is also present in today’s smartphones. 

In the 1980s, speech recognition technology was born. Thanks to the National Institute of Standard and Technology for creating this kind of technology that people can take advantage of this automated process until the present. Also, NIST developed the idea of iris recognition after discovering the uniqueness of blood vessel patterns in the eyes that are perfect for authentication. Moreover, biometrics became available within the United States, and the technology was not only for government settings or large corporations but also for commercial products in the 2000s. 

Even up to this day, biometric technology has become a tool for convenience. Smartphones have features of fingerprints and facial recognition for passwordless authentication that no one could ever try to invade their privacy with their belongings. 

Also, for electronic payments, strong customer authentication plays a crucial role as it doubles the layer of security to prevent others use the user’s credentials in some suspicious activities. Also, it is a new requirement for a second payment directive or PSD2 strong customer authentication for extra layers of security for other means of electronic payments and other types of online banking.

The passwordless solution can altogether remove the choices between security and user pleasure. LoginID’s technology prevents fraud and other forms of scams while taking down customer service costs. 

If you are interested in strong customer authentication, you may visit LoginID

Biometric Technology: a brief history